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Thursday, 31 December 2020

Tragedy upon tragedy

 The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaky left thousands of victims, but it also left thousands of orphans and their history is unknown to the general public.

Survivors

One hopes that after this tragedy the survivors and the rest of Japan would turn to help these unhappy children, but for many it was just the opposite, they took advantage of them until they caused their death in many cases.

The help to these children was little or no, many died in the following days.

Shoso Kawamoto, a survivor of the US atomic bombing of the Japanese city of Hiroshima, has been telling the "untold story" of the nuclear attack on August 6, 1945

Kawamato lost his parents and four of his six siblings in the atomic attack when he was just 11.

Following the devastation, some orphans died of starvation and many girls were sold to the Yakuza [organized crime syndicate] to work as prostitutes, Kawamoto said.

“We were desperate for survival, desperate for food,” the 82-year-old museum volunteer recalled. “Some orphans assaulted whoever had food and snatched it from their hand.”

Orphans did not receive any support during the chaos of the postwar period, so they had no choice other than to work for the Yakuza, who came to Hiroshima and started taking care of them, he said.

takakao Gokan was 11 years old when the atomic bomb spread terror in Hiroshima,she is now 86 and tells it in first person.

"I felt like a star full of needles went through my body. And suddenly the fire arose. I don't remember well, but a few minutes later, I heard a great crash that threw me at a distance of more than 8 meters. I heard a person yelling at me : “Danger!” At that moment the entire school building collapsed and a soldier covered me overhead. It was probably he who shouted “Danger!”. Everything was dark and I couldn't hear anything. Little by little "I started to see and a little light came in. I dug through the remains to get out and when I could see myself I noticed that my face was swollen and my skin hung down. I didn't recognize anyone's faces."

Takako Gokan


"At that moment Ishizaki, one of my teachers, appeared and carried me on his shoulders to the school gym where my injured classmates were. They gave me an injection of camphor. I was almost dead. Everything was scorched, full of ashes ... no You could tell if there were people or buildings. There were no doctors, no food, no medicine. We were just lying down and trying to sleep. They put a heart-shaped flower leaf on the wounds. The heart heals everything. As a result of the explosion two fingers of my right hand joined me. They separated when I put that flower. I was in the gym for three months. It was very hard. I remember a child my age who asked for water and no one could give it to him, of course. dying. His face was full of roe and flies. That memory still comes to me today; it marked me a lot. I don't remember his name. I saw a window from which smoke was coming out. And I understood that the child, my companion, had died and they were burning him. She had burns on her arm and bugs. I wondered if I would be next. "

Another survivor of Hiroshima
Yasuaki Yamashita 6 years old when the bomb


Family members and acquaintances came to the gym asking why we were there. A lady asked me for my name. She was looking for her daughter, but she did not find her, and she gave me some fruit. For the first time since the atomic bomb fell I felt some life. We slept on the ground. We were still without beds or medicine. In all that time (two weeks had already passed) only one doctor came from Tokyo twice. Nearby was a stone staircase. When the bomb exploded, someone died instantly. Only the shadow of the person remained. "

The role of the Yakuza, that sinister organization in the trade of children was deplorable, the unfortunate who fell into its clutches suffered horribly.

One of the Yakuza's businesses was sexual exploitation,

After helping the Japanese government procure "comfort women" for Japanese and then American soldiers, the yakuza continued to develop the commercial sex industry in Japan. The 1970s and 1980s proved to be a prosperous time for Japan and the yakuza. Towards the end of the 1960s, the tourism industry exploded as Japanese citizens earned larger incomes and a strong yen made travel abroad relatively inexpensive. Tourism was not utilized to strengthen cultural education, though. Rather, Japanese men lined up at airports to experience wild weekends abroad with an itinerary focused on sex parties. Although the yakuza did not invent sex tourism, they capitalized on this new tourism frenzy by organizing large-scale sex tours throughout East Asia.





The yakuza first exploited this new industry in Taiwan and then Korea. In Korea, they organized trips to kisaeng parties. Kisaeng is a Korean word traditionally associated with female entertainers, very similar to Japanese geisha, but with the influx of tourists these women simply became known as prostitutes. By the end of the 1970s more than 650,000 Japanese citizens visited Korea annually with eighty percent of visitors listing kisaeng as the primary focus of their trip. Sex tourism became so popular that major airlines such as Japan Air Lines listed kisaeng parties amongst the recommended tourist activities in their guidebooks for Korea.

Many kisaeng, like those shown above, became known as prostitutes in the 1970s.

During the 1970s the yakuza expanded the sex tourism industry to Thailand and the Philippines where many of the sex workers were sold into sex slavery by their poor families. The Yakuza did not control the industry in these countries; instead they worked with local gang members to bribe local village leaders to convince families to sell daughters into the sex industry. The yakuza also financed many of the clubs in which Japanese men frequented in these foreign countries and led many of the sex tours as guides to the best "sex spots."

Japan has not ratified the United Nations' Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (UNTIP). Although several news stories highlighted the plight of foreign sex slaves in Japan throughout the 1990's, the Japanese government did little to decrease human trafficking until 2004. In 2004 the U.S. Department of State placed Japan on the "Tier 2 Watch List" which harmed Japan's image as a safe and relatively crime free country and motivated the Japanese government to act.*

http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1265/human-trafficking-the-japanese-commercial-sex-industry-and-the-yakuza-recommendations-for-the-japanese-government


More about the orphans


Sosho Kawamoto remembers



Thursday, 3 December 2020

Atrocities of the Ukrainians in Belarus

 


At a time when phil-Nazi or openly Nazi movements are emerging in Europe, especially in Ukraine and the Baltic regions, it is important to remember the atrocities committed by Ukrainian collaborators with the Germans in Belarus.

An artícle of Vitaly SNEGIRYOV, 21 March 2014, in the Internet magazine  Pитм Eвразий literally makes your hair stand on end.

https://www.ritmeurasia.org/news--2014-03-21--krovavyj-sled-banderovcev-v-belorussii-11911



Today, the events taking place in Ukraine are closely watched in neighboring Belarus. And not only because of certain geopolitical and historical parallels. In partisan Belarus, the memory of the crimes committed against the Belarusian people by the Bandera detachments, transferred to the aid of the occupying Nazi units and garrisons, is alive.

Portraits of Bandera and Shukhevych in the center of today's Kiev make old veterans from Belarus re-experience everything that they saw during the Great Patriotic War, and even after its end. The attempt to protect the murderers and rapists from the OUN-UPA by the official representative of Ukraine to the UN, who stated that the Russian / Soviet justice fabricated materials about the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists for the Nuremberg trials, cannot but be outraged.


Бандера стал знаменем киевского майдана

Bandera became the banner of the Kiev Maidan

The bloody trail left by the Bandera on the Belarusian soil still excites the people's memory, appeals to the condemnation of both the collaborators themselves and their modern lawyers.

The so-called Ukrainian Insurgent Army was created on October 14, 1942. The UPA was headed by Roman Shukhevych - the owner of two knightly orders of Nazi Germany. It was the UPA that the fascists tried to oppose to the truly popular mass partisan movement that had flared up in Belarus. For this purpose, not only were the UPA units formed in Ukraine actively used, but also combat units were created from among the prisoners of the Red Army-Ukrainians, whom the representatives of the UPA actively processed. Moreover, this activity of Ukrainian emissaries, with the active assistance of the German fascist administration, began on the territory of Belarus even before the official creation of the UPA - in 1941.

 As a result, Ukrainian auxiliary police battalions were created, which were reinforced by 8 battalions formed directly in Ukraine (101, 102, 109, 115, 118, 136, 137 and 201st). Later, other Bandera units were also deployed to Belarus.


Armed and ready to "work"

Due to the fact that the Belarusian policemen were reluctant to carry out punitive operations, as they feared for their fate, the Nazis entrusted these "functions" to the alien battalions of Bandera. And they fully justified the hopes of the invaders - they burned and killed indiscriminately and with pity, leaving continuous ashes and mountains of people tortured and burned alive on the Belarusian land.

Khatyn 



One of the most famous and monstrous crimes was the participation of a company of the 118th battalion, most of whose personnel were Ukrainian nationalists, in a joint operation with the Germans to destroy the village of Khatyn on March 22, 1943. The village was burned to the ground. Together with the buildings, 149 civilians were shot and burned alive. About half of them are minor children, most of the other half are women and frail old people. Now Khatyn is known all over the world - a memorial complex was created on the site of the burnt village.


Have already "worked" ...

Modern followers of Bandera and Shukhevych diligently disown the crime committed in Khatyn, trying to prove that Ukrainian nationalists from the 118th battalion were "immigrants from the Red Army." However, the "handwriting" of sadists and punishers is quite recognizable. The militants of Shukhevych and other Bandera punishers and scum in Belarus also committed other atrocities, which have been fully proven to date, but have not received such fame as the Khatyn tragedy. Particularly distinguished was the 201st battalion, the 1st hundred of which, before the creation of the UPA, was commanded by the "hero" of present-day Ukraine Roman Shukhevych (this "high rank" was awarded to him by President V. Yushchenko, with which the current illegitimate "rulers" of Ukraine and leaders of the Maidan). Punishers and scoundrels from the 201st battalion of the Schutzmanschaft (security police) left a bloody memory of themselves, zealously helping the Nazis during the punitive operations "Swamp Fever" in the Vitebsk region, "Triangle" in the Brest region, "Cottbus" in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions ...

Brest Region

Operation Swamp Fever was carried out by the Nazis with the active participation of Bandera from August 25 to September 20, 1942 in the area of ​​Lake Domzharitskoye in order to defeat the partisan detachment "Roman" (commander RA Dyakov). But in stubborn battles, the partisans inflicted heavy counterattacks on the punishers, and they refused to pursue. And the second stage of this operation was unsuccessful for the Germans and Bandera. It was supposed to destroy the partisan detachments "Avenger" (commander VT Voronyansky) and "Struggle" (commander SN Dolganov), which held the defense in the interfluve of Viliya and Ilia. The partisans not only escaped from the encirclement, but also led the bulk of the civilian population to the area of ​​the Pedan-Mstizh villages.


Tupichitsy 
Then, the Nazis and Bandera, who were brutalized by failures, conducted four punitive operations against the defenseless civilian population. They did much better at fighting defenseless people. As a result, more than 10 thousand people were killed and burned alive, more than 1200 were taken to work in Germany. In the villages of Bobrovichi and Vygoschi, 707 people were killed at the same time. On September 10, 1942, chastisers destroyed all 37 houses and 135 inhabitants of the Zatishye village. On September 15, 217 residents of the village of Vyada were killed, and the village itself was burned. 143 residents of the neighboring village of Tupichitsa were killed, and their houses were burned. Like Khatyn, Tupichitsy, which have been known to historians since 1552, irrevocably disappeared from the map of Belarus.


This is also the work of punishers

During Operation Triangle in the Brest region, on September 11, 1942, residents of the village of Dremlevo in the Zhabinka district gathered to celebrate the feast of John the Baptist, which, according to historians, they celebrated annually since 1561, especially since the occupiers did not formally object to religious rituals. But right during the holiday, punishers burst into the village - many residents were killed right on the street, the rest were driven into a barn and burned. 190 Belarusians were killed.

Dremlevo
Operation Triangle lasted 17 days. In the village of Borisovka, 206 people were shot, 225 houses were burned. In the village of Leplevka, the monsters killed 54 children and their teacher, an employee of the Domachevo orphanage. The same atrocities were committed in Kamenka (152 people died), Borki (705 people, including 372 women and 130 children), Zelena Buda (28 dead), Zabolotye (289 dead). Ukrainian nationalists were in the forefront of the punishers in all these cases.


Operation Cottbus began on June 20, 1943. Among others, the 15th, 102nd, 118th and 237th auxiliary police battalions were involved. The operation was carried out in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions with the active support of tanks, aviation and artillery. Not only partisan detachments were surrounded, but also many civilians and children. The partisans were forced to retreat into impenetrable forests and swamps. Civilians were hiding with them. A terrible hunger began. As a result of Operation Cottbus, more than 10 thousand people were killed.

In a letter to Metropolitan A. Sheptytsky, the idol of today's Maidan Ukraine, Shukhevych, unabashedly reported in the summer of 1942 about his “exploits”: “Your holy excellence. We are doing well, the Germans are satisfied with our work. " The “work” was murder and torture, the destruction of children, old people and women. It is no coincidence that the high-ranking SS man Bach-Zalevsky, who later testified at the Nuremberg Tribunal, considered this battalion the best among his punishers. Shukhevych, whose portraits adorn the center of Kiev today, was eventually awarded the Iron Cross "for diligence in military work."

Meanwhile, in clashes with the partisans, the Schutzmans were much less successful. After heavy punitive battles in the Lepel area (Vitebsk region), the Bandera simply fled, fleeing the zone saturated with partisans.

The UPA, by the way, was the direct ideological successor of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), whose members formed the backbone of the new organization. On the territory of Belarus, the OUN members, actively supported from abroad, began their activities since the reunification of Western Belarus and Ukraine with the USSR in 1939. After the start of the Nazi occupation, the southern regions of Belarus were included in the Reichskommissariat "Ukraine". In this regard, it was the Brest region, as the southern region of Belarus, that was subjected to powerful attacks by punishers from the UPA. In total, about 250 units of Ukrainian nationalists operated in the Brest region. OUN activists under the leadership of Bandera and Melnik actively joined the SS Galicia division created with the direct support of Himmler himself.

Such posters called punishers to fight "Bolshevism", but in reality - with the elderly, women and children

In the summer of 1942, another SS battalion, consisting of Ukrainian nationalists, arrived in Brest. The Jews had already been destroyed by this time, therefore, mass executions of Poles, underground workers, and all Belarusians began, who showed the slightest dissatisfaction with the “new” fascist “order” or were suspected of having links with partisans.

The village of Lelikovo in the Kobrin district of the Brest region of Belarus is located just a few kilometers from the current Belarusian-Ukrainian border. This is a typical Belarusian village, whose fate has been repeated by hundreds of villages. Despite the fact that Belarusians-Poleshuk (residents of Polesie - the southern part of Belarus), both in speech and in customs, differ little from the population of the border part of Ukraine, the Belarusian-Ukrainian border became a significant border, beyond which the influence of the OUN and UPA ended. Poleshuk, like the rest of the Belarusians, in their overwhelming majority supported the Soviet partisans. It was in Polesie that the detachments of Ukrainian nationalists, hoping to find allies for themselves in the "struggle for Great Ukraine", met fierce resistance from partisan detachments.

Lelikovo

OUN and UPA did not forgive the Belarusians for this. After the Red Army units and the partisan brigades that joined their ranks went to the west to beat the retreating fascists, a ruthless terror was launched against the civilian population of Belarusian villages by Bandera gangs. In Lelikovo, the journalists of “Sovetskaya Belorussia” conducted a mass poll of the local population in 2006 immediately after it was announced in Kiev that the OUN-UPA members of Bandera were now “heroes” of Ukraine. The inhabitants of the Belarusian village were outraged to the depths of their souls about what had happened. Here are just a few responses. “Bandera's people killed us. What kind of heroes are they? What kind of liberators are they? " - Petr Shepetyuk, head of the Lelikovsky village club, was indignant. He was supported by his wife Anastasia: "Although I was a child, I remember well how my father discussed the next raids of Bandera at the evenings with fellow villagers." Her uncle Ivan Shepetyuk (in Polesie often residents of an entire village have the same surname) remembered how Bandera killed his father, also Ivan Shepetyuk. Their father was also killed at Evdokia Gogniuk. During the war he mined salt for the partisans. And Nikolai Korzh recalled in detail the day of April 24, 1945: “We, small children, hid on the street, in a potato pit. Bandera's men saw us and threw a grenade. Mitya, he was already 14 years old, did not have time to jump out of the pit with the one-year-old Yakov in his arms. Perished. "

The same situation, as in Lelikovo, was in almost all the villages of the Divinsky district and other places in Polesie. Most of all, Belarusians are outraged by the fact that the brutal murders and tortures that took place almost until the mid-1950s, until the OUN-UPA Bandera members were finally defeated, were not committed by some aliens, but by residents of neighboring Ukrainian villages located just a few kilometers from Belarusian villages - the detachments of Dvorko, Ermak, Konopelko, Artemchuk, Yushchik, Savchuk and other scoundrels and scum. In the period from 1944 to 1946 alone, the OUN-UPA carried out 2384 terrorist attacks and sabotage in Belarus. 1,012 people were killed. There is data for 1945. Of those who fell at the hands of Bandera, only 50 were employees of the NKVD, 8 were officers, 28 were privates and sergeants of the Red Army. The remaining 298 people killed in the border regions of Belarus in 1945 were women, old people and children.

No forgiveness for the fiends!

Khatyn. A common memorial in memory of the Belarusian villages burned down by punishers

But here's what is disturbing. It would seem that in Belarus, where every fourth resident died during the war, and according to updated data, every third resident, the coming to power in Kiev of the Maidan forces, acting under Bandera slogans, should cause hostility and alarm. But the younger generation, who does not know anything about the war, increasingly begins to believe the fables that the bloody scum and scoundrels from the OUN-UPA are in fact “heroes who fought for the freedom of Ukraine”. And recently, on the state Belarusian TV, TV journalist Tengiz Dumbadze, who came from Georgia and made a rapid career in publicly supporting the authorities' position on the non-recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, said at all: you need to understand and even accept that Bandera and Shukhevych are real heroes for many Ukrainians ...

It is a pity if the lessons of the Maidan did not teach anyone anything. Whoever forgets the indelible bloody trail of the OUN-UPA militants on the Belarusian soil, he risks that someday the same trail will be left on his fate.

And more attrocities of the Germans in Bielorrusia.

German attrocities

___________

Phото – http://www.radzima.org/ru/mesto/hatyny.html

Wednesday, 14 October 2020

The Lidice children

Among the ramblings of WWII, those committed on children are, in my opinion, the worst. Of course the Germans are the main culprits of what happened, since they not only committed them but also induced their partners, the Baltic countries, the Austrians, the Romanians, the Hungarians, etc. to carry out all kinds of atrocities. One of the German specialties was to murder entire towns, men, women and children, in Belarus and throughout the USSR thousands of towns were the victims, but as is often the case, even today, the further east the atrocities occur, the more unknown they are. The Lidice massacre was the complete destruction of the village of Lidice, in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, in June 1942 on orders from Adolf Hitler and Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler. In reprisal for the assassination of Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich 
Reinhard Heydrich

In the late spring of 1942,all 173 males from the village who were over 15 years of age were executed on 10 June 1942. A further 11 men from the village but who were not present at the time, were later arrested and executed soon afterwards, along with several others who were already under arrest. The 184 women and 88 children were deported to concentration camps; a few children who were considered racially suitable and thus eligible for Germanisation were handed over to SS families and the rest were sent to the Chełmno extermination camp where they were gassed.


But it is not our intention to describe the horror suffered by the unhappy inhabitants of that village, for this you can see the links at the bottom of this article, but rather to follow the fate of the rare children abducted and who survived that barbarism.

Three days after the attack, Nazi officials separated the young from their mothers, assuring all that a reunion would follow relocation. The women boarded trucks bound for Ravensbrück concentration camp, and most of the children left for a camp in Łódź, Poland.

The young survivors arrived in Łódź with a message from their Nazi captors: “The children are taking with them only what they wear. No special care is to be provided.” Indeed, the only “care” given at the camp was extensive physical testing. German doctors measured the children’s facial features, identifying those with “Aryan” characteristics as candidates for Germanization  a process where suitably featured non-German children were adopted by German families.


In total, nine children met the criteria for Germanization and were sent to Puschkau, Poland, to learn German and begin the assimilation process. On July 2, the remaining 81 children arrived at Chelmno   extermination camp. Historians believe they were killed in mobile gas chambers that same day. 

By the end of the war, 340 of Lidice’s 503 residents were dead as a direct result of the June 10 massacre. 143 women and 17 children, including those born just after the attack, eventually returned to the ruins of their hometown and began the arduous task of resurrecting the community.

(https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/story-lidice-massacre-180970242/ )

Only 17 children come back, many only speaking German because they were adopted by German families ( nazis of course ).

Lidice School
Some histories of the survivors :

Anna Hanfová, one of three siblings selected for Germanization, was one of the first lost children to return. She spent the remainder of the war living in eastern Germany but maintained limited contact with her sister Marie and cousin Emilie Frejová, and when Anna returned to Lidice, she led authorities to both relatives’ new German homes.

Otto and Freda Kuckuk, a well-to-do couple with strong SS ties, had adopted Frejová. In Witnesses to War , author Michael Leapman writes that Frejová adjusted well, but Marie’s new life was more complicated: Her adoptive family treated her like a slave and convinced her that the Czech were a subservient race. It took several years for Marie to overcome this indoctrinated belief.

Václav, the third sibling, refused to cooperate with his captors; he drifted between children’s homes and incurred brutal punishments for unruly behavior. In late 1945, Josefina Napravilova, a humanitarian who located about 40 lost Czech children during the aftermath of the war, encountered Vaclav at a displaced persons camp. He was slow to trust her but later dubbed Napravilova his “second mother.”

Elizabeth White, a historian at theUnoited States Holocaust Memorial Museum,  , explains the difficulty of the children’s rehabilitation process, as most selected for Germanization were taken from home at a young age and eventually forgot their Czech heritage.

“When [the children] were found and sent back, they didn't remember how to speak Czech,” White says. “One girl’s mother survived Ravensbrück but had tuberculosis and died four months after she came back. At first when they spoke, they had to use a translator.”

(https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/story-lidice-massacre-180970242/)

 





Friday, 9 October 2020

The Germans collaborated in the Armenian genocide

 My theory is that the people have a collective soul that is inherited through generations, instilled by mothers, grandmothers and relatives who make a people more hard-working, more studious or more cruel than others.

 The theory that the Nazis led by Hitler were paratroopers who fell on a peaceful and music-loving people are mere hoaxes. Given the collective amnesia suffered by the Germans who perpetrated the genocities they committed on what happened, barely softened by some official statements and with a silence that reaches new generations, it is necessary to examine the past to see the origin of the cruelty of the German people, including Austria of course.

 In the future we will talk about the behavior of the Germans in their colonies or even their behavior in America when some went with the Spanish soldiers as they had the same emperor. Now we will talk about a little known aspect, his collaboration with the Turks in the Armenian genocide.

 In his article "Today’s Turkey continues the Armenian genocide" 

https://www.voltairenet.org/article187587.html,

Thierry Meissan said : 

The declarations of President Gauck

By recognising German « co-responsibility, and even, potentially, complicity » in the 1915 massacres, German President Joachim Gauck lifted the taboo concerning the continuance of the crime, and he did so with even more courage considering the strong Turkish presence in Germany and the absence of an Armenian electorate.



An exemplary officer, Rudolf Höß acquired skill in matters of genocide in Turkey, during the 2nd Reich. He then became the director of the Auschwitz camp during the 3rd Reich.

Historians established the role of the German delegation in the genocide a long time ago. The orders of deportation signed by the Ottoman Vice-Chief of Staff, German general Fritz Bronsart von Schellendorf, have been published. The German Empire of William II had already tested genocide by exterminating the Hereros and the Namas in South-West Africa (now Namibia) in 1905. The German officers who observed and sometimes participated in the genocide of non-Muslims in Turkey put their skills to use during the Nazi régime. For example, this was the case for Rudolf Höß - his father participated in the genocide of the Hereros in 1905, as he did himself with the Armenians in 1916. He then became the commandant of the camp of Auschwitz from 1940 to 1943, where he massacred Jews, gypsies and Slavs.

In order to understand and prevent genocides, we must not study them from the point of view of the victims, but by correctly understanding the point of view of the executioners.

Until now, we have belived, wrongly, that the Young Turks and the Nazis were the only ones responsibles for the Armenian and Jewish genocides. But History shows us that the ideologies which led to these crimes were shared by others, before and after them, who also attempted to perpetrate them. Contrary to what we might imagine, there is no example of a genocide which was accomplished in a single operation, nor against a single population. These crimes continue for a very long time, and always concern several ethnic groups. It is therefore essential to condemn the first massacres, and to condemn the underlying ideologies in order to prevent the continuance of genocides. 

Rudolf Höss hanged

Friedrich (Fritz) Bronsart von Schellendorf He was the chief of Staff of the Ottoman Army, part of German military mission in the Ottoman Empire. . He was instrumental drafting initial war plans for the Ottoman Army. He is "depicted as the actual initiator of the scheme of the Armenian Genocide". He was an ardent supporter of Hitler during 1930s also.

Role during the Armenian Genocide (*)

Friedrich (Fritz) Bronsart von Schellendorf
Friedrich (Fritz) Bronsart von Schellendorf

Because of the question of his involvement in the genocide of Armenians, Bronsart von Schellendorf attracted increased attention in recent historiography . In his controversial study of the role of German officers in the Armenian genocide, Vahakn Dadrian identified Bronsart von Schellendorf’s direct complicity, even seeing him as an instigator. Recent research has questioned this accusation. Bronsart von Schellendorf was willing to accept the Turkish measures of violence against the Armenians   and took the anti-Armenian view of the Young Turks . But, as Isabel Hull has pointed out, he was primarily guided by “military necessity”. Under this premise, he agreed to the deportation of Armenians from the border areas to Russia, focusing solely on his military responsibilities. Behind the phrase “military necessity” was the strong mistrust of the Armenian population in the hinterland of the front. Fearing a possible


Armenian uprising, German officers like Bronsart von Schellendorf, and Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (1843-1916), s
upported a deportation of the Armenian population. At the same time, Bronsart von Schellendorf did not intend to destroy the Armenians. Nevertheless, by supporting the deportation plan he accepted the risk of  Armenians being killed in the deportation. Thus, he was involved in the genocide planned and undertaken by the Young Turks. But even when the genocidal intention of the Turks became unmistakable, Bronsart von Schellendorf was not willing to distance himself from their actions or even to intervene, as other German officers such as Colmar von der Goltz or Otto Liman von Sanders did. Moreover, after the First World War, he repeatedly defended the Young Turk leadership in newspaper articles. In an article in the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung of July 24, 1921, on the occasion of the trial of the Talat Pasha (1874-1921) murderer, he attempted to justify the Turks and himself by explaining that the death of the Armenians was only the effect of the inability of the Turks to carry out an orderly deportation. In doing so, he not only drew on widespread images of well-organised Germans and disorganised Orientals, but also denied the Young Turks’ intention of destroying the Armenians. Thus, together with a number of other former German officers (including Hans Humann (1878-1933), he contributed towards the denial of the murder of the Armenians. The motive for this behavior was partly due to a continued loyalty to the Turks and partly to a fundamentally defensive attitude against all allegations of the Entente regarding German involvement. In the case of Bronsart von Schellendorf, there was direct personal involvement as Ottoman chief of staff.


(*) https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/bronsart_von_schellendorf_friedrich


Friday, 17 July 2020

Violations of Russian women by the Germans (II)

If you search Interner for rapes of women in the Second World War, almost all of the pages are devoted to rapes of German women by the Allies and some pages to Korean comfort women, raped by the Japanese. It is practically impossible to find pages dedicated to the violations committed by the Germans in Russia and other occupied countries and you have to search, with difficulty, in other pages dedicated to German atrocities.

German women with Russian soldiers in Berlin
Here we have some very interesting examples of the behavior of the "gentlemen" Germans.

On January 6, 1942, People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR Vyacheslav Molotov sent to the ambassadors of all countries with which Moscow maintained diplomatic relations a note on the atrocities of the German authorities in the occupied Soviet territories. This document lists numerous incidents of occupational violence against Soviet women and girls. Here are a few quotes.

“The village of Basmanovo of the Glinkovsky district of the Smolensk region, liberated by our troops in early September, was a solid ashes after the Germans took over. On the very first day, the Nazi monsters drove out more than 200 schoolchildren and schoolgirls who came to the village to harvest, surrounded them and brutally shot them. Big they took a group of schoolgirls to their rear “for the gentlemen officers” ... In the city of Smolensk, the German command opened a brothel for officers in one of the hotels, in which hundreds of girls and women were driven in, dragged by the arms, by the hair, ruthlessly dragged along the bridge Everywhere, the brutalized German bandits burst into homes, rape women and girls in front of their relatives and their children, mock raped women and brutally crack down on their victims.

In the city of Lvov 32 workers of the Lvov sewing factory were raped and then killed by German attack aircraft. Drunken German soldiers dragged Lvov girls and young women to Kosciuszko Park and brutally raped them ... In the city of Tikhvin, Leningrad Region, 15-year-old Kolodetskaya, being wounded by a fragment, was brought to the hospital, where the wounded German soldiers were. Despite the injury, Kolodetskaya was raped by a group of German soldiers, which caused her death. "*
More German women with Russian soldiers

How the Germans dealt with captured Russian women

Residents of Smagleyevka (Voronezh region), after their liberation in 1943, said that at the beginning of the war, a young Red Army girl died in a terrible death. She was seriously injured. Despite this, the Nazis stripped her naked, dragged to the road and shot.

The unfortunate traces of torture remained on the unfortunate body. Before her death, her breasts were cut off, her whole face and hands were completely shredded. The woman's body was a continuous bloody mess. Similarly, they acted with Zoya Kosmodemyanskoy. Before the indicative execution, the Nazis spent hours half-naked in the cold. 

In addition to these atrocities, female Red Army soldiers were constantly raped. The highest military ranks of the Wehrmacht were forbidden to enter into intimate relations with the Slavs, so they did it secretly. The rank and file here had a certain freedom. Finding one female Red Army man or nurse, she could be raped by a whole company of soldiers. If the girl after that did not die, she was shot.
Hanging Russian civilians

The following are a few examples of the treatment of "civilized" Germans with captive women soldiers.

In August 1941, on the orders of Emil Knol, commander of the field gendarmerie of the 44th Infantry Division, a prisoner of war was shot - a military doctor.

In the city of Mglinsk in the Bryansk region in 1941, the Germans captured two girls from the sanitary unit and shot them.
A prisoner of war girl shot by invaders. The Red Army uniform is clearly visible.


After the defeat of the Red Army in the Crimea in May 1942, an unknown girl in military uniform was hiding in the house of a resident of Buryachenko in the Mayak fishing village of Mayak near Kerch. On May 28, 1942, the Germans discovered her during a search. The girl resisted the Nazis, shouting: “Shoot, you bastards!” I am dying for the Soviet people, for Stalin, and you, monsters, will come dog death! ” The girl was shot in the yard.

At the end of August 1942, a group of sailors was shot in the village of the Crimean Krasnodar Territory, among them there were several girls in uniform.

In the village of Starotitarovskaya of the Krasnodar Territory, among the shot prisoners of war, a corpse of a girl in a red army uniform was found. She had a passport in the name of Tatyana Alexandrovna Mikhailova, 1923, a native of the village of Novo-Romanovka.

In the village of Vorontsovo-Dashkovskoye of the Krasnodar Territory in September 1942, the captured military assistant parasite Glubokova and Yachmenev were brutally tortured.

On January 5, 1943, not far from Severny Farm, 8 Red Army soldiers were captured. Among them is a nurse named Luba. After prolonged torture and bullying, all prisoners were shot.
A peasant examines the bodies of murdered girls prisoners of war. Probably wants to bury them.
On the right, judging by the bandage on his sleeve - a policeman.


Division intelligence translator P. Rafes recalls that in the village of Smagleyevka, liberated in 1943, 10 km from Kantemirovka, residents told how, in 1941, “a wounded lieutenant girl was pulled naked on the road, her face, hands, and breasts were cut ...”

Often captured women were exposed to violence before death. A soldier from the 11th Panzer Division, Hans Rudhoff, testifies that in the winter of 1942 “... Russian nurse-men lay on the roads. They were shot and thrown onto the road. They lay naked ... On these dead bodies ... obscene inscriptions were written. "