Sunday, 1 February 2015

The "innocent" Poland

    In the collective historiography of Western society there are several topics that are difficult to eradicate but the facts say otherwise.
   Among them is that Poland is a country "victim" ; distributed three times between its neighbors, country severely punished in WWII, etc.

    But when you know the pogroms (mass killings of Jews) that happened in Poland after the end of WWII, for example in Kielce, begins to wonder. If one delves deeper into the subject learns that Poland is, and was, as antisemitic at least as Germany.


    But it is not only an anti-Semitic country, but, surprisingly, is an aggressive country with its neighbors in a consistent manner, which has brought bad consequences repeated times.

After the independence.

  The day after its declaration of independence in 1918, invaded Przemysl, just 70 kilometers from Lvov in the region of the Ukrainian Galicia. Poland come to the same Kiev, capital of Ukraine.

   Reminiscing the Polish-Lithuanian medieval empire, invaded eastern their legal limits (belonging to the Russian Empire), bypassing existing international law and the newly created Curzon Line. A treaty work of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs English, Lord Curzon, who drew a border as possible truce Russian-Polish conflict. These movements, they made war with the nascent Russian Revolution, already struggling against the White Army and some Western powers at that time.

   After the Russo-Polish war in 1921, Poland more than 200 thousand kilometers east of its boundaries, 1918 (Ukrainian and Belarusian territories mostly) .Murdered, according to various sources between 20 000 (Polish sources) and 80,000 (mostly Russian sources) Russians soldiers in Polish concentration camps as Tuchola or Pulawy. This treatment of Russian soldiers remain etched in Russian memory.
   Poland also go to war with Lithuania and Czechoslovakia, invading 20% of the territory of the former, including its capital Vilnius.

The Sudeten crisis

The crisis of the Sudetenland in 1939, when Western countries shamefully surrendered to the threats of Hitler and Czechoslovakia was blackmailed, occupied and divided, Russia offered to help, but Poland prevented the passage of Russian troops that could have helped Czechoslovakia . On September 21, 1938 was ordered by the Soviet side partial mobilization in Ukraine: the equivalent of over 90 divisions mobilized, but this only was reported on 25 to the potential allies and Poland received notice that the Soviet Union rescind the non aggression pact of 1932 if she invaded Teschen, and would be considered the attack as unprovoked aggression.

 Nevertheless, the Polish leader, Colonel Józef Beck, believed that Warsaw should act rapidly to forestall the German occupation of the city. At noon on 30 September, Poland gave an ultimatum to the Czechoslovak government. It demanded the immediate evacuation of Czechoslovak troops and police and gave Prague time until noon the following day. At 11:45 a.m. on 1 October the Czechoslovak foreign ministry called the Polish ambassador in Prague and told him that Poland could have what it wanted. The Polish Army, commanded by General Władysław Bortnowski, annexed an area of 801.5 km² with a population of 227,399 people. Administratively the annexed area was divided between two counties: Frysztat and Cieszyn County.

Not German tanks. Are Polish tanks invading Zaolzie !
   The Germans were delighted with this outcome, and were happy to give up the sacrifice of a small provincial rail centre to Poland in exchange for the ensuing propaganda benefits. It spread the blame of the partition of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, made Poland a participant in the process and confused political expectations. Poland was accused of being an accomplice of Nazi Germany – a charge that Warsaw was hard-put to deny.
 As if that were not enough, Poland and Hungary participated in the division of Czechoslovakia with the Germans, yes, it would be invaded Poland for its "partners" in the cast, in September the following year.

 Very interesting the declarations of the Portuguese ambassador to Germany, (and ambassador to Czechoslovakiabetween 1927 and 1934), Alberto da Veiga Simões, was informed in advance of : “….my informers underline that if Germany occupies the Czech or Slovak territory, Poland should then occupy the Carpatho-Ukraine…”

  From Budapest, José da Costa Carneiro, another former ambassador to Czechoslovakia (1934–1937), informed his government, on 14th March 1939, of the Hungarian efforts to take hold of the most easterly part of Czechoslovakia.

  Poland acquired Český Těšín and surroundings (about 906 km², 250,000 inhabitants, 36% Poles) and two minor border areas in northern Slovakia, more specifically in the regions of Spiš and Orava. (226 km², 4280 inhabitants, only 0.3% Poles).

 The Polish language became the sole official language. Using Czech (or German) by Czechs (or Germans) in public was prohibited and Czechs and Germans were being forced to leave the annexed area or become subject to Polonization.Rapid Polonization policies then followed in all parts of public and private life. Czech organizations were dismantled and their activity was prohibited.  Czechoslovak education in the Czech and German language ceased to exist.

More incredible still, Polish concentration camps created:

  After the murder of the Polish Interior Minister Bronislaw Wilhelm Pieracki on 16 July 1934. The next day the Polish government announced the creation of the first concentration camp in Bereza Kartuska (Kartuz Bereza Biaroza Kartuskaja), in the territory of Belarus today, about Kobryn or Kobrin, a city in the oblast (region) of Brest in Belarus.

  In the years following the creation of this years camp were sent there all dissidents Polish regime. The camp Bereza Kartuska was no different from the German concentration camps, including the use of extremely cruel torture. Perhaps went even further than they did in Germany. For example, torture called "red route" was that a prisoner had to cross, crawling along a lane of 50 meters covered by rubble of bricks and glass, after being beaten after being locked in a cell isolation without receiving any medical help. The prisoners who were isolated were given food once every two days. Beighner, the first commander of the camp, and some prison guards had been trained in Germany who have put experience running these camps.

  The murder of the Polish Minister of Internal Affairs was aimed at establishing a system of heavy-handed in the country and intensification of severe repression against the people of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus prompting born creating a resistance against the regime.

  On the Polish aggression is this article interesting, albeit from a German point of view, provides many interesting facts.

 In 1990, during the presidential campaign, Polish Lech Walesa declared to be "pure strain" and called on other candidates to disclose their past ( In reference to Jewish blood ).

  Poland has not learned the lessons. Today, after release as Russia and other countries of Eastern Europe from communism continues to attack Russia (more than 20 years ago that is not communist) on all occasions available. Insulting and offering her ground to enemies of Russia for missiles against the Federation and helping with all human and material resources to the enemies of Russia.
   ¿Bet that will happen to Poland in the future, seeing how badly they have proven their previous performances?

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